Fruit Tree Grafting
Grafting is a technique which takes the tissues from one plant and fuses them with the tissues of another.
Grafting is a technique which takes the tissues from one plant and fuses them with the tissues of another. One plant is selected for its roots and is known as the rootstock, the other is chosen for its leaves, flowers or fruits and is called the scion.
There are a number of advantages to grafting. Some tree varieties are more hardy and resistant to disease, others produce better fruit, larger stocks or better tasting fruit. By fusing the two, you get a stronger tree that produces a better and more consistent stock. Trees grown from a graft grow fruit quicker than those grown from seed or cuttings.
There are a number of different grafting methods:
Grafted bud or bud-eye
Grafting a bud or bud eye involves taking a bud or bud eye from the branch of a flourishing tree. It will be placed into strong rootstock.
- Make a T-shaped incision into the rootstock, raise the two flaps of the bark of the rootstock and insert the bud.
- The graft will then need to be bound with a natural raffia and specially developed adhesive tape to shield the bud.
- As the grafting takes place the adhesive tape will rot allowing the new tree to grow.
Scion grafting involves taking a larger cutting or multiple cuttings for e.g. 2-3 cuttings with 2-3 buds on each cutting and inserting them into the rootstock. There are a number of methods to achieve a successful scion graft.
- Cut a few inches of the scion branch, the branch should be cut diagonally and come to a sharp point.
- Then make a v-shaped vertical incision into the rootstock.
- Insert the cuttings into the rootstock, ensuring that they are perfectly in contact. To guarantee that they remain in perfect contact, they should be bound tightly using a special adhesive that has been developed for grafting.