Pruning tree garden

Fruit Tree Care and Pruning


Every winter apple and pear trees should be pruned to ensure a good crop for the following season.

Fruit Tree Care and Pruning - December

 

General Advice:

-          Every winter apple and pear trees should be pruned to ensure a good crop for the following season.

-          The aim of pruning would be to create an open crown with a framework of about 5 main branches.

-          If fruit trees or bushes have recently been planted ensure the ground doesn’t become too wet or frosted. 

Pruning Fruit Trees:

Pruning techniques depends on whether the fruit tree is a spur or tip bearer. If your fruit tree fruits on spurs follow the spur-bearing pruning techniques, and if the tree produces fruits towards the tips of the shoots made the previous summer follow the tip-bearing pruning techniques

Spur-bearing varieties

  • Shorten the previous year’s growth on each main branch by one third.  Ensure you prune to a bud facing in the required direction.
  • Cut back young side shoots (laterals) which are growing from the main framework to around 5 buds.
  • Remove crossing, badly placed, damaged, dead or diseased branches.

Tip-bearing varieties

  • Prune the previous year’s growth on every main branch and also on the most vigorous side shoots (laterals) to the first strong bud.
  • If the side shoots are less than 30cm long, then leave unpruned.
  • Cut back some older fruited wood to young shoots to prevent congestion.
  • Remove crossing, badly placed, damaged, dead or diseased branches.

 

Pruning Soft Fruit

Prune autumn raspberries – cut back all stems to ground level anytime from December to February.

Prune red and white currants and gooseberries as follows:

  • Remove dead wood and low lying shoots.
  • Spur prune all side shoots by cutting them back to 1-3 buds from the base.
  • Shorten the branch tips by one quarter to an outward facing bud.