Plant and its origin
The watermelon can be described as an annual flowering plant grown for its edible fruits.
It is recognizable because of its long, weak, trailing or climbing stems which are five-angled and up to 3m long.
Watermelon originates from Southern Africa, where they actually grow in the wild.
However, evidences have proved that through the years, they have been cultivated in many other areas such as:
- The Nile Valley from the second millennium BC
-India, 7th century
-Europe and China, 10th century
-America, 16th century
How to plant
Techniques for growing this plant are different depending on the weather.
The first thing to know is that you have to wait for all the frosts to have passed before transplanting the plant.
Therefore, if you are living in a cold country you need to start seeds indoors about a month before transplanting.
Before planting, it is best to make sure that you soil is full of nutrients. It is a good idea to use a mix of compost and manure.
Transplant it in a loamy, well-drained soil.
- Aerate and pull-up the weeds from the soil.
- Water it regularly, 1 to 2 inches of water per week is recommended. However, be careful not to confuse keeping the soil moist with waterlogging it.
For the best results, add Baby Bio® Outdoor Fruit and Vegetables to your watering can every 2 weeks to make sure that the watermelon has all the nutrients it needs to thrive throughout the season.
The harvest spreads through July to September. Here are a few tips to know when it is the right moment:
- Thump it with your hand. If the watermelon sounds hollow, it's definitely ripe.
- The fruit has to be heavy
- The tendril will be dried out
- If the bottom of the fruit is yellow or cream colored, it is ripe.
Concerning the storage, a watermelon can be conserved uncut for about 10 days and 4 days in the fridge when cut.
Watermelons are rarely victims of disease; its biggest enemy is the cold. However here is a short list of diseases that may affect them:
Did you know?
- Watermelon is grown in over 96 countries worldwide.
- In China and Japan watermelon is a popular gift to bring a host.
- Watermelon is 92% water.