Anemone


(Species: Anemone  - Family: Ranuncolaceae)

 

Anemone and its origins

The humble buttercup, the Anemone family Ranuncolaceae has a wide and varied number of species, in excess of 100.  It is a common favourite in gardens for its multitude of colours and the fact that you can have year-round flowers by choosing a selection of different species. 

A hardy perennial, many Anemone species exist as wildflowers and as a result, tolerate most soil types and conditions.  Anemones are typically undemanding and considered easier flowers to grow, even for a novice gardener.  The first mention of an Anemone was in the 15th century.     

 

Seasonality: Anemone in flower

Anemones are most typically known as a spring bloomer; however, different species flower at different times throughout the year and although less common, species such as the Anemone Japonica (Japanese Anemone), flower in late summer- autumn. 

One of the most common of the spring bulbs is the Anemone Blanda (Greek Windflower)  which has flowers that resemble daisies and comes in a variety of colours white, blue, salmon and pink. The white flower thrives in shaded locations.

The Anemone Coronaria (Poppy Anemone) is possibly the most popular of all the species, producing single flowers with large colorful tepals, ranging in colour from white to pink and red to blue.  It has been cultivated since ancient times.

Most species produce 5-7 petals, saucer-shaped flowers with short and vulnerable stems and tend to reach a height of 10-20cm, although some Anemone species exceed this.

 

How to Plant Anemone

Anemones are generally a hardy plant, which makes them easier to grow.  For best results, plant the bulbs in winter, about 7-12 cm into the soil.  To protect from the frost cover the area with leaves or mulch.  The plant favours a lightly shaded area to thrive and enjoys a well drained soil that is rich in organic matter.

 

Propagation of Anemone

Propagation of Anemones is both easy and rewarding.  It produces a large number of rhizomes which can be used to grow new plants.  Once the blooming season comes to an end in summer, the whole plant can be uprooted and the rhizomes cut to create new plants.  Once you have selected your rhizomes, the mother Anemone should be replanted immediately.