Pruning Tree in Winter - Tree Care - Shrub Care - Garden Care - Bayer Garden

What to do in your garden in January?

What to do in your garden in January?


  • Keep bird baths and bird feeders topped up.
  • Clean and sharpen all gardening tools.
  • Pick off faded foliage and flowers from plants in the greenhouse to avoid grey mould.
  • Keep container azaleas in the greenhouse watered with rainwater if possible.
  • Mulch borders and around shrubs with compost.


  • Start pruning trees, particularly apple and pear trees.
  • Winter-prune wisteria: shorten all the side shoots that were pruned in summer back to approximately 5cm.
  • Cut back ornamental grasses to base level before new growth sprouts.
  • Cut out some of the oldest stems on blackcurrants to keep bushes vigorous.
  • Prune grapevines under glass.


  • Prepare a trench for bean sowing later in the year by filling it with kitchen waste that will compost down.
  • Dig over the vegetable plot, adding compost to the soil.
  • Pot up mint roots for early mint shoots.
  • Avoid leaf curl on peach trees in containers by bringing them under cover.
  • Order summer-flowering bulbs, corms and tubers for early spring planting.


  • If snow settles, brush snow off shrub and tree branches so that the weight of the snow does not damage them.
  • Keep off the lawn as much as possible, as footfall can damage grass and cause dieback.
  • Protect peaches from peach leaf curl by spraying Fruit & Vegetable Disease Control
  • Protect fences with preservative.


  • Take root cuttings from herbaceous perennials such as Oriental poppies, acanthus, eryngium and phlox.


  • Plant bare-root shrubs
  • This is the time to move shrubs or small trees into new positions.
  • Brighten the patio or terrace with a hot pot made from scarlet dogwood stems, red-berried skimmia and crimson cyclamen. A terracotta pot will make it look even warmer.

Set up

  • If you don't have a water butt, install one, and if you do, install a few more, linking them together simply with hosepipe